Article 36 of the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations


Article 36 of the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations (1963), which the United States ratified in 1969, provides that when a national of a foreign country is arrested or detained on criminal or immigration charges, the detainee must be advised of the right to have the detainee’s consulate notified and that the detainee has the right to regular consultation with consular officials during detention and any trial. A number of states and law enforcement agencies implement these requirements through rules, regulations or policies, but only a small number of states have legislation on this matter. This Committee will consider and make recommendations concerning the need for and feasibility of drafting a uniform act that implements the consular notification requirements of Article 36 of the Vienna Convention, and similar consular notification requirements contained in other treaties and conventions.

Committee Members

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